... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)

31
October
2013

Aliyah an overview: the Jewish State of Israel Part III of IV - Bricha

Aliyah post-Second World War

After World War II an estimate of one million Jewish refugees whom were classified as “not repatriable” were placed in Displaced Persons camps in Germany and Austria where from they were not allowed to leave, while at the same time they weren't granted permission to enter the Land of Israel due to the British imposed quotas according to the British White Paper of 1939.

Bricha, meaning escape or flight, was the underground organized effort to help Shoah, Holocaust survivors escape from post-World War II Europe to the Land of Israel which at the time still was under the British Mandate over Palestine (1922-1948). Bricha was founded in Lublin (Poland), late 1944 to early 1945, by Jewish members of the Polish resistance together with Warsaw ghetto fighters. Soon they joined the Jewish Brigade – a Jewish military formation of the British Army, formed by the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, that served in Europe in 1944 fighting Nazis in Italy, after which some joined Aliyah Bet - and eventually the Haganah that led a similar effort. Bricha was part of the larger operation Aliyah Bet that assisted Jewish people to immigrate illegally to the Land of Israel.

This period came to an end with the establishment of the State of Israel in May 1948, which annulled the British White Paper of 1939 that regulated by means of quota the influx of Jews into the Land of Israel under the British Mandate over Palestine. This period is often called kibbutz galuyot - literally in-gathering of the exiles - due to the Aliyah of large Jewish communities out of the diaspora. Jews made Aliyah to the Land of Israel because they were fleeing persecution or were expelled.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History