... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)


Aliyah an overview: the Jewish State of Israel Part III of IV - Special Operations

Mass Aliyah operations

Special operations were organized by the State of Israel for mass Aliyah since its establishment onwards. Aliyah continued from many different countries with Jewish people either seeking security or much later they left for other reasons. A far from complete list of countries, the Arab countries (1948-early 1970s), Iran (1970s-1979):, Ethiopia (1980s,1990s, 2000s), Soviet Union (1970s), post-Soviet States (1990s), Latin America (2000s, France (2000-2009), United States and Canada 1948-2000s), and so on.

Middle East

In 1949 to 1950 Operation Magic Carpet or On Eagles Wings – inspired by Exodus 19:4 and Isaiah 40:31 - brought about 49,000 Jews, nearly the entire Jewish community in Yemen to Israel.
In 1951 Operation Ezra and Nehemiah – inspired by the biblical books Ezra and Nehemiah telling the story of Jews making Aliyah to Israel with permission of the Babylonian kings - brought about 114,000 Jews from Iraq.

A total of nearly 700,000 Jewish immigrants, including about 300,000 from the Muslim world, found their way to Israel. Many were Sephardic and Mezrahi Jews. The Jewish population had doubled by this time. Gradually the new arrived Jews adapted into the Israeli society. The Islamic revolution of 1979 resulted in about one-third of the Jewish community, 30,000 Iranian Jews making Aliyah to Israel while others immigrated to New York and Los Angeles in the United States.


The Bet Israel, literally house or community of Israel, also known as Ethiopian Jews live in North and North-Western Ethiopia. The Israeli and American government arranged major operations to transport them to Israel since the 1970s. Was the first wave of Ethiopian Jews making Aliyah arrived mid 1970s. Operation Brothers was followed by several operations, including Operation Moses that took place from November 1984 to January 1985 which brought 6,500 to 8,000 Jews from Sudan to Israel. Sadly 2,000 to 4,000 Jews died on their way to Sudan or in Sudanese refugee camps. In 1991 Operation Salomon in one day 14,325 Jews from Ethiopia were brought to Israel by 34 air crafts. In the 2000s Ethiopian Jews has continued arrive in Israel, Currently an estimate of 119,500 etnic Ethiopian Israelis live in Israel, with 32% of them native-born in Israel.


Since the early 1990s Jewish people from India, the Bnei Menashe, has been arriving in small numbers in Israel. They claimed to be of Jewish descent. Their claims sere investigated in the past in the 1980s by Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail funder of Anishov, which is dedicated to finding the Lost Tribes of Israel – regarded as the members of the ten tribes of Israel, excluding Judah and Benjamin, that didn't return to Israel after the Babylonian Exile - and facilitating Aliyah for them. These people live in the North-Eastern border states of India, with a community of about 9,000 people, of which 2,000 made Aliyah and currently lives in Israel, while others are preparing themselves to do so. In 2005 the Chief Rabbi in Israel accepted them as Jews.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History