... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)

31
October
2013

Aliyah an overview: the Jewish State of Israel Part III of IV - Egypt

Egyptian Jews forced out

Alexandria – Egypt's second largest city after Greater Cairo, its largest seaport lying directly on the Mediterranean coast – had once a flourishing Jewish community that was practically reduced from 75,000 before 1948, to about 50 today. In the 1950s and 1960s more Jewish residents of Egypt fled to the State of Israel, France, South America and other countries.
There were negative reactions towards Zionism among Egyptians after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War in which Egypt participated. Bombings of Jewish areas in Egypt took place killing 70 Jews and wounding nearly 200, while many more lives were claimed by riots. The Jewish citizens of Egypt were perceived as Zionist collaborators and were forced to leave the country while leaving their assets behind. By 1950, nearly 40% of Egypt's Jewish population had emigrated, about 14,000 made Aliyah to the State of Israel.

In 1954 the Lavon Affair – an Israeli non-deadly sabotage operation that blew up Western targets – that led to the death sentence of two Jewish participants, Shmuel Azzar and Dr. Moussa Marzouk - those who murdered members of his family in years before this affair were not sentenced - deepened the distrust between Egyptians and Jews. 
In 1956 during the Suez Crisis – a diplomatic and military confrontation between Egypt and the allied British, French and Israelis concerning the Egyptian privatization of the Suez Canal - about 25,000 Jews left Egypt after being forced to sigh declarations that they were leaving voluntarily, while agreeing with the confiscation of their assets. Some 1,000 Jews were imprisoned. Similar measures were taken against British an French nationals in Egypt.  

After the Six-Day War in 1967, more confiscations of Jewish property took place, Egyptian Jewish men aged 17 to 60 were either deported or incarcerated in detention centres to tortured for more than three years. 
All these resulted in the majority of Egyptian Jews leaving the country. About 35,000 fled, making Aliyah to the State of Israel, about 15,000 went to Brazil, some 9,000 went to the United States and 9,000 went to Argentina.Today, anti-Jewish feelings run high in Egypt, and there are less than 100 Jews left in the country.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History