... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)


Israel's boarders through ages: maps, kingdoms and empires part 2 of 7 - Pre-Israeli era

The pre-Israeli era

The period before the emergence of the Israeli people establishing their society of Israel in Canaan could be indicated as the pre-Israeli era. Where did the ancestors of those who conquered the Land of Israel and made it their home actually come from? 

The world after the flood was according to the biblical narrative in the book of Genesis chapters 6 to 9 given to Noah's sons, to Sham, Ham and Japhet. Noah and his three sons were blessed by God, Genesis 9:1 (NIV), 9 Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth.

Land of Shem and Ham, source: wikipedia

The Semetic Middle peoples are believed to be descendants of Noah's eldest son Shem. 
Shem's name means: “name”, “renown”, “prosperity and he was the ancestor of all Hebrews. Shem's sons were, Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram. Asher is associated with Assyriah. Arpachshad, he or his descendants regarded as the founders of Ur of the Chaldees usually identified with the Ur in Mesopotamia.

The Hametic Southern peoples are believed to be descendants of Ham, whose name means “warm”, and his sons were Cush, Egypt, Libya and Canaan. The people of Canaan, initially populated the eastern shore of the Mediterranean sea, today Israel, Lebanon and Syria.

Noah's youngest son Japhet is the ancestor of the Japhetic Northern peoples. His name means “open”.The sons of Japehet were, Gomer, Magog, Madal, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras. Shem received a blessing from Noah after an incident one of the three sons had with Noah. Contrary to Shem and his sons, Ham's son Canaan was cursed by Noah, Genesis 9:18-29 (NIV).

Allocation of the descendants of Noah's sons Shem, Ham and Japhet according to the 1st century Jewish-Roman historian Flavius Josephus in Antiquities of the Jews. He was one of the first historians who tried to apply known ethnicities to the  Genesis 10 list of names, the Table of Nations or Table of Sons of Noah. Later authors used this as a basis in their work.

Flavius Josephus Table of Nations, source: WikipediaMagog, Meshech and Tubal, sons of Japhet, are all mentioned in biblical scripture in connection with future wars with Israel for example in Ezekiel 38, 39 and Revelation 20. Notice that Magog, Meshech and Tubal are placed in modern-day Turkey and its northern neighbouring countries. Although there is still debate on this subject.

Ultimately the Hebrew Patriarch Abraham, a descendant of Shem, would established himself in Canaan after moving out of Ur of Chaldea situated in Mesopotamia.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History