... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)

22
January
2014

Israel's boarders through ages: maps, kingdoms and empires part 2 of 7 - Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia, situated in Modern-day Iraq and parts of the surrounding countries, means “land of rivers”. IT is the area of the Tigris-Euphrates river system, which is generally regarded as the cradle of civilization.

Ancient Near East, source: wikipedia


Sumer, the earliest known civilization in the world is to be found situated in southern Mesopotamia.
The history of Sumer included the prehistoric Ubaid and Uruk periods. An ancient text of the Sumarian language is a list of king listing kings of Sumer including a few foreign dynasties.
The first settlement of Sumer was Eridu in the late 6th millennium BCE, an ancient Sumarian city located 12 kilometers south-west of Ur and the first settlement of Ubaid period. The culture of the first people living in Eridu was from northern Mesopotamia, although it is not known whether they were Sumarians identified with the Uruk period or others associated with the Ubaid period.
Sumer lasted until the rise of Assyria and Babylon in the late 3rd millennium BCE and early 2nd millennium BCE respectively. Both civilizations were the result of the fragmentation of the Akkadian Empire founded by Sargon the Great. This empire lasted from the 24th to the 21st century BCE and is regarded by many as the world's first empire.

Mesopotamia, source: Wikipedia

Initially Mesopotamia was dominated by the Akkadians with Akkad - a city-state – as the capital city of the Akkadian Empire, which is regarded by many as the first empire in human history. Mesopotamia was populated primarily with Summarians and Akkadians and the Mesopotamian Empire (2334-2193 BCE) united all the indigenous Akkadian speaking Semites and Sumarian speakers under one rule. Later on after the fall of the Akkadian Empire two major Akkadian speaking nations emerged, Assyria in the north of Mesopotamia and Babylonia in the central-south.
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking Semetic nation state and cultural region. The capital of Babylon became an independent state c.1894 BCE. The first mention of the city of Babylon dates back to the 23rd century BCE. Both the cities of Akkad and Babylon are mentioned in
Genesis 10:10.

Mesopotamia is also where the site of the Tower of Babel is considered to be situated either in the city of Babel or that of Eridu. King Nimrod was mentioned in the Table of Nations or Sons of Noah - Genesis 10 and 1 Chronicle 1 - as the first man of great power, a mighty worrier and conqueror after the flood - 1 Chronicle 1 - a son of Cush and a great-grandson of Noah. Biblical tradition associated him with the Tower of Babel, believed to be built in the city of Babel or in the vicinity of it. The Babylonian civilization is regarded as the one with the earliest system of commercial banking. While the Sumarian people developed the first system of loans and credit in their temples.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History