... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)

22
January
2014

Israel's boarders through ages: maps, kingdoms and empires part 2 of 7 - Ur

Ur Empire

The biblical scripture states that Abraham's origins, with his birth traditionally believed to be in sometime in the 2nd millennium BC, lay in Ur Kasdim, Ur of the Chaldees, which is regarded by many as the Sumerian Ur south of the Euphrates in Mesopotamia.

Abraham was a descendant of Shem, whose descendants were living on the geographical allocation of the descendants of Noah of Flavius Josuphus c. 100 CE based on Genesis 10, in the territory of Mesopotamia not modern-day Turky. The Chaldean people was already settled in the vicinity of Ur but they didn't rule over Ur until the Chaldean Dynasty of Babylon gained control over Ur in late 7th century BCE. Mentioned in Genesis 11:27-28, 11:31, 15:17, Nehemia 9:7.

Ur Empire, source: Wikipedia Ur has been a growing urban centre during the fourth millennium. The Third Dynasty of Ur was established by Ur-Nammu, ruled 2047-2030 BCE, who improved agriculture through irrigation and built temples including the Ziggurat which still stands amid the ruins of Ur. His code of law, the Code of Ur-Nammu is known as one of the oldest - preceding the code of Hamurabi by 300 years - of that type of documents. He was followed by Shulgi, who became the greatest king of Ur ruling for at least 42 years. He reformed the empire into a highly centralized bureaucratic state. Ur had one of the earliest known systems of writing, on clay tablets – cuneiform, the writing system of ancient Mesopotamia – documents mostly of the Third Dynasty of Ur. During this Dynasty the houses were two-storied villas high with 13 or 14 rooms and with plastered interior walls. According to one estimate, Ur was the largest city in the world with a population of about 65,000 from c. 2030 to 1980 BCE. Ur lost its political power after the demise of the Third Dynasty of Ur in the 21st century, before the end of the Early Bronze Age of Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.

The Empire of Ur came under the control of the Semetic Akkadian Empire founded by Sargon the Great, whom ruled over the Sumerians and much of the ancient Near East/Middle East between the 24th and the 22nd¢uries BCE. It continued to through three kings with Semetic Akkadian names before it fell to the Elamites around 1940 BCE. The city retained its economical importance during the second millennium because it provided access to the Persian Gulf. From the 10th to the 7th centuries the city and the rest of southern Mesopotamia and other parts of the Middle East fell to the north Mesopotamian Assyrian Empire. Under the rule of the Chardean Dynasty of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar the II, there were new construction in Ur in the 6th century. From around 500 BCE, the Alchaemid Empire took the Babylonian over, the city of Ur started to decline. Ultimately Ur's demise was due to perhaps drought, changing river patterns and the silting of the outlet to the Persian Gulf. Since 2009, Global Heritage Fund organization has been working to protect and preserve Ur, today ancient ruins.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History