... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)


Israel's boarders through ages: maps, kingdoms and empires part 2 of 7 - Egypt

Egyptian Empire (3150 - 30 BCE)

Before the Hebrew established themselves in Canaan as a people that would govern that land, they lived as prophesied - Genesis 15:12-16 - approximately four centuries in ancient Egypt after which they left a people of 600,000 men strong with their women and children, and all their cattle, under the leadership of Moses assisted by his brother Aaron and sister Miriam, according to the narrative of Exodus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, to live in the Promised Land, where the land of Israel is situated.


Ancient Egypt, the Middle East 1400 BCE, source: Wikipedia

The ancient Egyptian civilization was located at the north eastern part of Africa concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in modern-day Egypt. The Egyptian civilization of Upper and Lower Egypt unified under the first Pharaoh around 3150 BCE. Ancient Egypt's history knew periods of instability, characterised by invasions of foreign powers, called Intermediate Periods and periods of stable kingdoms with in the Early Bronze Age the Old Kingdom, in the Middle Bronze Age the Middle Kingdom and during the Late Bronze Age the New Kingdom. Slightly before the First Dynasty an Egyptian colony was stationed in southern Canaan, where pottery were produced and exported back to Egypt. Egypt reached the hight of its power during the New Kingdom in the Ramesside period. At this time it rivaled and strengthened its diplomatic ties with Canaan, the Hittite Empire, Assyrian Empire and Mitanni Empire, after which a period of slow decline set in.

Ancient Egyptians success came in part with their ability to adapt to the conditions of the fertile river valley by exercising control over the irrigation of the fertile valley producing a crops which fuelled the economy and development of Egypt with a strong military force. The Egyptians engaged in trade with several countries in the Middle East, Far East, Africa and Europe. They mainly exported grain, gold, linen, papyrus and finished goods such as glass and stone objects, while importing several goods from their neighbouring trade partners and those in the Far East. 

Egypt 1450 BCE, source: Wikipedia

The achievements of the Egyptians include their construction techniques, system of mathematics, practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems, agricultural production techniques, the first known ships, glass technology, new forms of literature, the earliest known peace treaty with the Hittites.

In 30 BCE the Kingdom of Egypt became a Roman province when Queen Cleopatra of the Ptolemaic Dynasty - family of Greek origin - and being the last acting Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, lost it the Roman Empire. The Romans relied heavily on grain shipments from Egypt. The city of Alexandria became an increasingly important centre on the trade route with the orient for the luxurious products which were in high demand in Rome. Today Egypt is an independent nation with a world renown legacy.






Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: History