... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)

26
June
2012

David's Shield: nót the 'star of david'!

Revised: 5-5-2013

Many to this day believe that a hexagram was a symbol that King David used as some sort of a shield. This symbol is referred to as the 'star of david' or to some as Salomon's seal. Even though over the years Jewish people themselves understandably gained an emotional attachment to this symbol, still did this symbol originate with and was it used by David?

The Israeli people in general are so much so attached to this early mentioned symbol that it is depicted on the Israeli national flag. Did the Israeli people, including those who took the decision to put this symbol on the national flag know about its obscure origins?

Many other questions concerning this 'star of david' or 'megan david', this seal of Salomon comes to mind. How did this symbol came to be in use by the Jewish people as a representation of their community in general and as a symbol of Judaism? Is their any reference in biblical scripture to this star? Is there any other use for this symbol?

But first, did David actually have a star as his symbol or shield in any way? 


David's Shield
What or whom did David consider to be his shield, even before he was King? As a Shepard David already counted on the God of Israel to shield him.

3 But you, LORD, are  a  s h i e l d  around me,
my glory, the One who lifts my head high.
Psalm 3:3-4

7 The LORD is my strength and my  s h i e l d;
my heart trusts in him, and he helps me.
My heart leaps for joy,
and with my song I praise him.
Psalm 27:7

36 You make your saving help my s h i e l d;
your help has made me great.
2 Samuel 22:36

David's shield as a tool in battle, was not the source of his strength in any way. Biblical scripture is very clear on this. And it's written in the book of Proverbs chapter 2:7 (NIV):

7 He holds success in store for the upright,
he is a  s h i e l d  to those whose walk is blameless,

Which one would actually be preferable? The LORD's word is flawless;David also led his men - King David's Heroes - into battle and again defeated even giants while heaving God Almighty himself as his shield. Or did he have just a symbol to use through darkness to be successful. The choice in King David's words:

10 Better is one day in your courts
than a thousand elsewhere;
I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God
than dwell in the tents of the wicked.
11 For the LORD God is a sun and  s h i e l d;
the LORD bestows favor and honor;
Psalm 84:10-11

David himself was very clear on his devotion to God the Almighty Father, the most high God, whose commandments he obeyed in every way, 1 Kings 15:5,

5 For David had done what was right in the eyes of the LORD and had not failed to keep any of the LORD's commands all the days of his life—except in the case of Uriah the Hittite.

So, David was not an occultist that he would use an occult symbol such as a hexagram for anything, certainly not as his shield nor as a symbol of his God, the Almighty Father whom he did consider as said before to be his shield and source of strength at all times.


David's Shield: God's title

So, the term David's Shield did originate with David, while there is no mention of a star in relation to David in biblical scripture. For centuries this term, David's Shield, has been used independently from the symbol of the hexagram! David's Shield is still in use as one of the many names, titles given to God the Almighty Father!

In the Siddur - Jewish prayer book, containing blessings some which are in the Torah, printed as early as 1486 but attributed way back to the Great Assembly at the time of the biblical period of Ezra - it is used a title of the God of Israel. Why? David's words,

1 I love you, Lord, my strength.
2 The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,
my  s h i e l d  and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold. ...

30 As for God, his way is perfect: The Lord’s word is flawless; he  s h i e l d s  all who take refuge in him.
31 For who is God besides the Lord? And who is the Rock except our God?
32 It is God who arms me with strength and keeps my way secure.
33 He makes my feet like the feet of a deer; he causes me to stand on the heights. ...

35 You make your saving help my  s h i e l d, and your right hand sustains me; ...
50 He gives his king great victories; he shows unfailing love to his anointed, to David and to his descendants forever. Psalm 18 (NIV)


God's symbols to Israel

Symbols that are unmistakably given by the Almighty Father to his congregation of Israel - a hexagram is not included - are the lampstand, the Menorah - with seven lamps, not eight - that had to be made as an exact copy of what God showed Moses on the mountain. The olive tree from which fruit the necessary oil for the lampstand would be made. The colour blue bright as the sky and the Tablets of The Law. Surely David knew  about all of this and kept God's commands also in respect to these items.

- The lampstand, Menorah
1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Tell the Israelites to bring me an offering. You are to receive the offering for me from everyone whose heart prompts them to give. ...
8 “Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them. 9 Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you. ...
31 “Make a lamp stand of pure gold. Hammer out its base and shaft, and make its flower like cups, buds and blossoms of one piece with them. ...
37 “Then make its seven lamps and set them up on it so that they light the space in front of it. … 40 See that you make them according to the pattern shown you on the mountain. Exodus 25 (NIV)

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually. 3 ... Aaron is to tend the lamps before the Lord from evening till morning, continually. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.
Leviticus 24:1-3 (NIV)

The Menorah is depicted on the Emblem of the State of Israel!

- The green olive tree
Then the angel who talked with me returned and woke me up, like someone awakened from sleep. 2 He asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a solid gold lampstand with a bowl at the top and seven lamps on it, with seven channels to the lamps. 3 Also there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.” 4 I asked the angel who talked with me, “What are these, my lord?” .... 6 So he said to me, “This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,’ says the Lord Almighty. …. 8 Then the word of the Lord came to me: 9 “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his hands will also complete it. Then you will know that the Lord Almighty has sent me to you. 10 “Who dares despise the day of small things, since the seven eyes of the Lord that range throughout the earth will rejoice when they see the chosen capstone[a] in the hand of Zerubbabel?”

11 Then I asked the angel, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?”12 Again I asked him, “What are these two olive branches beside the two gold pipes that pour out golden oil?” …. 14 So he said, “These are the two who are anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth.” Zechariah 4 (NIV)

The olive tree is the National Tree of the State of Israel!

- The colour blue
37 The Lord commanded Moses 38 to say to the people of Israel:
Make tassels on the corners of your garments and put a blue cord on each tassel. You are to do this for all time to come.39 The tassels will serve as reminders, and each time you see them you will remember all my commands and obey them; then you will not turn away from me and follow your own wishes and desires.40 The tassels will remind you to keep all my commands, and you will belong completely to me.41 I am the Lord your God; I brought you out of Egypt to be your God. I am the Lord. Numbers 15:37-41
(GNT)
This blue of the sky - tekhelet, mentioned in the Bible, is a specifically produced blue colour - is regarded in Judaism as a symbol of divinity! It is also used for the Tzitzit - knotted fringes - on the Jewish prayer shawl. Exodus 28 and 39 mentions the use of blue cords also for other purposes.

This blue was not that of sapphire. Why not? Because scholars agree that sapphires were not known before the Roman Empire. What did Moses, Aaron Nadab and Abihu together with the seventy leaders of Israel see when they walked up the mountain after which Moses and Joshua continued up in order for Moses to receive God's Laws and the Tablets of the Law?
9 ... went up 10 and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as  bright  blue as the  s k y. 11 But God did not raise his hand against these leaders of the Israelites; they saw God, and they ate and drank. 12 The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone with the law and commandments I have written for their instruction.” Exodus 24:9-12 (NIV)

Lapis-Lazuli is an intense blue colour obtained from a deep blue coloured semi-precious stone acquired through mining in Afghanistan as early as the 7th millennium BCE. It was used to obtain deferent shades of blue in the ancient world including ancient Mesopotamia.
Blue, together with white, is one of the colours on the National Flag of the State of Israel, which is in accordance with the colours of the Jewish prayer shawl called the tallit!

- The Tablets of The Law
12 The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone with the law and commandments I have written for their instruction.”

13 Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide, and Moses went up on the mountain of God. 14 He said to the elders, “Wait here for us until we come back to you. Aaron and Hur are with you, and anyone involved in a dispute can go to them.” ... 18 Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

These Stone Tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments of God - Exodus chapters 31 to 34 - also called the Tablets of Testimony - Exodus 31:18 – could also be considered as a symbol to the Israelites. Moses went up the mount together with others whom stayed behind - Exodus 24:9-11 - while he continued up to receive God's Laws and these tablets, Exodus 24:12-18. Both tablets, the ones God made and inscribed – Exodus 31:17-18 - but got broken by Moses and the second ones - Exodus 34:1-5 - that Moses made but were inscribed by God, were kept in the Ark of the Covenant. What did Moses say to the Israelites concerning God's Laws?

4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 5 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. 6 These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts. 7 Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. 8 Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. 9 Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. Deuteronomy 6:1-9 (NIV)

By the way, originally the tablets were rectangular, with sharp corners not round topped. There are depiction of these, dated the 3rd century, on the mural paintings found at the Dura Europos Synagogue in Syria, which is an ancient synagogue uncovered in 1932. This is also the case in Christian art through out the 1st millennium. There are over the centuries to this day depictions of the Tablets of The Law in Synagogues.

So many symbols that actually has a deeper meaning to the Almighty Father and his people, so other symbols to represent the Israeli people aren't really needed!


Hexagram: occult star symbol

From where did this other version of David's Shield, the so called 'star of david' came from in our modern time? Maybe the symbol of the hexagram was Salomon's seal. What was this seal? It was his signet ring - people of royalty and of stature in certain circles possessed such a ring, which some still wear nowadays - with which he could seal important documents etcetera. Salomon's seal is believed by some to have had magical properties. His seal was a hexagram in a circle, that of the ring, with six dots around it.

Salomon, whom became the king of Israel after David's death, was the one that ultimately was not devoted to God Almighty as David was, 1 Kings 11:6. King Salomon allowed himself to be seduced by evil when he turned to the occult practices of his wives and even built temples for their gods, 1 Kings 11. His choice caused the rupture of the Kingdom of Israel into two Kingdoms. So, it is possible he himself was influenced by the occult to certain extent.

There are in biblical scripture references possibly to the symbol of this star, the hexagram, and the pagan god it belongs to in biblical scripture, Exodus 32. And Amos 5:26-27 and Acts 7:42-43 speak of star-gods.

25 “Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, people of Israel? 26 You have lifted up the shrine of your king, the pedestal of your idols, the  s t a r  of your god[a]— which you made for yourselves. 27 Therefore I will send you into exile beyond Damascus,” says the Lord, whose name is God Almighty. Amos 5:26-27 (NIV)  [a: Or lifted up Sakkuth your king / and Kaiwan your idols, / your s t a r-gods; Septuagint lifted up the shrine of Molek / and the s t a r  of your god Rephan, / their idols]

... 42 But God turned away from them and gave them over to the worship of the sun, moon and  s t a r s. This agrees with what is written in the book of the prophets:
“‘Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings forty years in the wilderness, people of Israel? 43 You have taken up the tabernacle of Molek and the  s t a r  of your god Rephan, the idols you made to worship. Therefore I will send you into exile’[a] beyond Babylon. Acts 7:39-43 (NIV)

In our modern age, the occult societies such as the Freemasons still wants to build what they call the Temple of Salomon, which is occult. This hexagram, star of obscure occult origins, is still in use by occultists beside the pentagram, with all the darkness that comes with that! It is probable that for several different reasons the name 'star of david' was given to this symbol, which has mystical meaning to some, to make it more appealing to the Jewish people, so they would adopt it as one of their symbols. 

One of the reasons? To make an occult symbol popular and its use wide spread so much so to suite the practitioners of the occult in their rituals and personal cursing of people at for example Jewish religious gatherings. In other words the use of this symbol is a way of offering these occultists while practicing magic an open door, that is access - often by friendly deceit, Proverbs 26:23-28 - to the living and worship space of others and to the people themselves to influence them into the wrong direction in order to seize whatever it is they want to obtain from them, Ezekiel 13:17-23 (NIV), 

17 “Now, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people who prophesy out of their own imagination. Prophesy against them 18 and say, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Woe to the women who sew magic charms on all their wrists and make veils of various lengths for their heads in order to ensnare people. Will you ensnare the lives of my people but preserve your own? 19 You have profaned me among my people for a few handfuls of barley and scraps of bread. By lying to my people, who listen to lies, you have  k i l l e d  those who should not have died and have spared those who should not live. ,,,

In the case of the Jewish people, access to God's congregation of Israel!
For what reason? One reason is described in Daniel 7:25 and 8:11-13; to initiate, support and keep the processes of altering God's calendar, laws, Temple Service etcetera in progress! An other is to brake up the spiritual resistance to evil including the occult as the Israelites are known to have been doing. The practice of the occult and magic does lead to murder. What happened at the time of World War II?

This cursing of others through occultism, magic - actually people being picked, singled out and branded to be the cursed and damned ones in everyday life - would also explain the use of this symbol of the hexagram by, amongst others, the Nazis - Nazism is an occult evil ideology and religion - as a batch on the outer garments of the Jewish people in Nazi Germany and the Nazi occupy territories, while they were gathering the Jews to murder them. 

The occult groups and societies can't do without evil himself nor the occult symbolism. Without the symbolism - this symbol is still in use for occult purposes and as long as that is the case certainly prohibited by God the Father - evil is and the people who serve it are practically crippled! God's response concerning his people whom are being abused by the magic practitioners, Isaiah 13 (NIV),

... 20 “‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against your magic charms with which you ensnare people like birds and I will tear them from your arms; I will set free the people that you ensnare like birds. 21 I will tear off your veils and save my people from your hands, and they will no longer fall prey to your power. Then you will know that I am the Lord. 22 Because you disheartened the righteous with your lies, when I had brought them no grief, and because you encouraged the wicked not to turn from their evil ways and so save their lives, 23 therefore you will no longer see false visions or practice divination. I will save  m y  people from your hands. And then you will know that I am the Lord.’”


Again, this symbol referred to as the 'star of david' certainly didn't originate nor had anything to do with King David!


Israeli symbol?

How did this symbol with mystical meaning become a symbol of Judaism and of Jewish identity? The use of the symbol itself in the period after the history of the biblical times, started probably from medieval times, 11th to 12th century, as a Jewish protective amulet. A so called segulot. But, it isn't until the 17th century that this symbol became generally recognized as a symbol representing Judaism and the Jewish community. And by 18th century it represented the Jewish people both in secular, that is in politics, as in religious context. It appeared more and more on Synagogues and on Jewish tomb stones in Europe. The French Revolution - a radical social and political upheaval in France 1789-1799, which had a great impact on France and on whole Europe - contributed to the emancipation of Jews whom started to use the symbol as a representation for their communities.

In the 19th century the Zionist Movement adopted it as its symbol at the First Zionist Congress in 1897, and other Jewish organizations soon followed. Even though this symbol was used by the Nazis as a way of repression of the Jewish people during the 20th century, it continued to be used by the Jews and some wear it with pride. Since the State of Israel became a fact in 1948, it's depicted on the Israeli National Flag.

There are Orthodox Jewish groups that rejects this symbol because of, amongst other reasons, its association with magic, the occult. While many modern Orthodox Jews as well as many secular Jews and organizations accept this symbol. Of course everyone who picks this symbol up in which ever way, for which ever reason has his own personal responsibility.

Question is: should the symbol of the hexagram continue to be used to refer to the Israeli people and/or to be used by them on their national flag and even worse on their synagogues which are places of worship to the God of Israel whom prohibited the practice of the occult in the laws he gave the Israelites in the first place?


David didn't worship stars

King Manasseh became king of Judah at the age of twelve. Initially he didn't follow the example of his father Hezekiah whom ruled in accordance to God's will. What did he do? Amongst other horrible things, he built ,

5 In the two courtyards of the Temple he built altars for the worship of the stars. 6 He sacrificed his sons in Hinnom Valley as burnt offerings. He practiced divination and magic and consulted fortunetellers and mediums. He sinned greatly against the Lord and stirred up his anger. 2 Chronicles 33:5-6 (GNT)

And, 

7 He placed an image in the Temple, the place about which God had said to David and his son Solomon: “Here in Jerusalem, in this Temple, is the place that I have chosen out of all the territory of the twelve tribes of Israel as the place where I am to be worshiped. 8 And if the people of Israel will obey all my commands and keep the whole Law that my servant Moses gave them, then I will not allow them to be driven out of the land that I gave to their ancestors.” 9 Manasseh led the people of Judah to commit even greater sins than those committed by the nations whom the Lord had driven out of the land as his people advanced. 2 Chronicles 33:7-9 (GNT)

How did God respond to this?
11 So the Lord let the commanders of the Assyrian army invade Judah. They captured Manasseh, stuck hooks in him, put him in chains, and took him to Babylon. 2 Chronicles 33:11 (GNT)

Now did David do anything like this? Was David at any time treated as Manasseh was by his enemies? The answer is no! God kept David safe from all his enemies, 23 Samuel 7:1. Those who threatened his throne were his two sons Absalom and Adonijah, which was a result punishment to David because of the case Uriah - 2 Samuel 11 and 12 – and not because of the worship of stars.

As for Manasseh, after his ordeal he repented and reigned fifty five years over Judah.
... 12 In his suffering he became humble, turned to the Lord his God, and begged him for help. 13 God accepted Manasseh's prayer and answered it by letting him go back to Jerusalem and rule again. This convinced Manasseh that the Lord was God. ... Chronicles 33:110-20 (GNT)

David who kept God's laws, must have known the following,
... 15 You saw no form of any kind the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb out of the fire. Therefore watch yourselves very carefully, 16 so that you do not become corrupt and make for yourselves an idol, an image of any shape, whether formed like a man or a woman, 17 or like any animal on earth or any bird that flies in the air, 18 or like any creature that moves along the ground or any fish in the waters below. 19 And when you look up to the sky and see the sun, the moon and the stars—all the heavenly array—do not be enticed into bowing down to them and worshiping things the Lord your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven.
20 But as for you, the Lord took you and brought you out of the iron-smelting furnace, out of Egypt, to be the people of his inheritance, as you now are. ...
Deuteronomy 4:11-20
(NIV)

What happened later on in the history of Israel at the time of the last king of Judah, when they choose to worshiped sun, moon and stars said by the prophet Jeremiah?  
“‘At that time, declares the Lord, the bones of the kings and officials of Judah, the bones of the priests and prophets, and the bones of the people of Jerusalem will be removed from their graves. 2 They will be exposed to the sun and the moon and all the stars of the heavens, which they have loved and served and which they have followed and consulted and worshiped. They will not be gathered up or buried, but will be like dung lying on the ground. 3 Wherever I banish them, all the survivors of this evil nation will prefer death to life, declares the Lord Almighty.’ Jeremiah 8:1-3
This also didn't occur to David and Israel during his reign. David definitely didn't worship stars of any kind!

How are many "celebrities" called today? Stars, super-stars. David was, isn't one of them and never worshiped stars, anything nor anyone else but God the Almighty Father and Creator of heaven and earth.


King David ...
In King David's opinion and experience in his life: God is a shield to him but also to others. No other shield nor other then the God given symbols needed. He counted on that too, and spoke, prayed about it.

4 He will cover you with his feathers,
and under his wings you will find refuge;
his faithfulness will be your  s h i e l d  and rampart.
Psalm 91:4

9 All you  I s r a e l i t e s, trust in the LORD
he is their help and  s h i e l d.
10 House of Aaron, trust in the LORD
he is their help and s h i e l d.
11 You who fear him, trust in the LORD
he is their help and  s h i e l d.
Psalm 115:9-11

29 You, LORD, are my lamp;
the LORD turns my darkness into light.
30 With your help I can advance against a troop[a];
with my God I can sc12 The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone with the law and commandments I ha/strongve written for their instruction.”/p ale a wall.

31 “As for God, his way is perfect:
The LORD's word is flawless;
he  s h i e l d s  all who take refuge in him.
2 Samuel 22:29-31

How did David perceive himself?

But I am like a green olive tree
in the house of God.
I trust in the steadfast love of God
forever and ever.
Psalm 52:8, King
David (ESV)


God bless you,

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Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: King David