... Jerusalem ... 22 Just as the new earth and the new heavens will endure by my power, so your descendants and your name will endure ... Isaiah 66 (GNT), 18 ... Jerusalem will be rebuilt, and its PALACE restored. Jeremiah 30:18 (GNT)


Aliyah an overview: the Jewish Kingdom of Israel Part IV of IV - Abraham's sons

Ishmael, Esau, Jacob and others

Sara's son Isaac

Genesis 26:1-5
1 Now there was a famine in the land, besides the former famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Gerar, to Abim′elech king of the Philistines. 2 And the Lord appeared to him, and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; dwell in the land of which I shall tell you. 3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you, and will bless you; for to you and to your descendants I will give all these lands, and I will fulfil the oath which I swore to Abraham your father. 4 I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven, and will give to your descendants all these lands; and by your descendants all the nations of the earth shall bless themselves: 5 because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”

God's blessing, Genesis 12:1-4,
1 The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country, your people and your father’s household to the land I will show you. 2 “I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you,and whoever curses you I will curse;and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” 4 So Abram went, as the Lord had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he set out from Harran.

Rebecca's son Jacob

Prophecies, blessing given to Jacob, renamed Israel, who was obedient to his father and mother, Genesis 28:6-7.

Genesis 26:1-5
1 Now there was a famine in the land—besides the previous famine in Abraham’s time—and Isaac went to Abimelek king of the Philistines in Gerar. 2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; live in the land where I tell you to live. 3 Stay in this land for a while, and I will be with you and will bless you. For to you and your descendants I will give all these lands and will confirm the oath I swore to your father Abraham. 4 I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands, and through your offspring[a] all nations on earth will be blessed,[b] 5 because Abraham obeyed me and did everything I required of him, keeping my commands, my decrees and my instructions.”

Blessing from Isaac for Jacob, Genesis 27:27-29,
27 So he went to him and kissed him. When Isaac caught the smell of his clothes, he blessed him and said,
“Ah, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field that the Lord has blessed. 28 May God give you heaven’s dew
and earth’s richness—an abundance of grain and new wine. 29 May nations serve you and peoples bow down to you.
Be lord over your brothers, and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed
and those who bless you be blessed.”

Genesis 28:1-5
28 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him: “Do not marry a Canaanite woman. 2 Go at once to Paddan Aram,[a] to the house of your mother’s father Bethuel. Take a wife for yourself there, from among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 3 May God Almighty[b] bless you and make you fruitful and increase your numbers until you become a community of peoples. 4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing given to Abraham, so that you may take possession of the land where you now reside as a foreigner, the land God gave to Abraham.” 5 Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, who was the mother of Jacob and Esau.

God's promise to Jacob Genesis 28:10-15,
10 Jacob left Beersheba and set out for Harran. 11 When he reached a certain place, he stopped for the night because the sun had set. Taking one of the stones there, he put it under his head and lay down to sleep. 12 He had a dream in which he saw a stairway resting on the earth, with its top reaching to heaven, and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it. 13 There above it[a] stood the Lord, and he said: “I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying. 14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.[b] 15 I am with you and will watch over you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.”

Rebecca's son Esau

Esau relinquishes his first born rights to Jacob - Genesis 25:27-34 - and there for give him the right to receive Isaac's blessing. But, later when it's the time to do so, he wants to keep the blessing for himself, and be angry at Jacob who was obedient to his mother - by deceiving Isaac to receive the blessing. Esau''s problem with Jacob solved during his lifetime, Genesis 33.

Abraham's blessing for Esau, Genesis 27:38-40,
38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only one blessing, my father? Bless me too, my father!” Then Esau wept aloud. 39 His father Isaac answered him, “Your dwelling will be away from the earth’s richness, away from the dew of heaven above. 40 You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck.”

Hagar's son Ishmael

She was the Egyptian woman to whom God spoke twice on behalf of Abraham concerning their son Ishmael.
Abraham's eldest son Ishmael, the son of the Egyptian slave of Sara. God cared for Ishmael, and God would give him another inheritance - Genesis 16:7-16, Genesis 21:14-21 - although he would be sent away. Ishmael had to leave at the age of fourteen with his mother – Genesis 21:10-12 - to live in the Param desert east of Egypt, later he married an Egyptian woman - Genesis 21:20-21 - and he remained friendly - Genesis 25:8-9 - with his brother Isaac as he was since Isaac was borne, Genesis 21:8-9. Ishmael was also present at Abraham's funeral, Genesis 24:7-11. Esau, Isaac's eldest son later married one of Ishmael's daughters, Genesis 28:9. God answered Abraham's request concerning Ishmael with the promise that Ishmael's descendants would become a nation, Genesis 21:11-13 - and he would be the father of twelve rulers, Genesis 17:20.  Much later though it were Ishmaelites, who possibly didn't know of Jacob and his sons, that bought Joseph from his brothers, took him to Egypt and sold him there, Genesis 37.

Prophecy concerning Ishmael
20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. 21 But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year.” Genesis 17:20-21

And God made clear that Ishmael's descendants - being of Egyptian descent - and Esau's - the Edomites - would be welcome to Israel's religious gatherings unlike other peoples, Deuteronomy 23:2-8,
7 Do not despise an Edomite, for the Edomites are related to you. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country. 8 The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.

Wouldn't Ishmael's descendants - Genesis 25:12-18 - who initially lived at the east of Egypt, have the same attitude towards Isaac's, being the Israelites, today as he did? Similar to perhaps that of the Israeli Druze people - an Arabic community who lives mainly in countries in the Middle East, including in Israel, that dissociate themselves from Arab nationalism and the hate that often comes with it - have in modern day Israel. Contrary to other peoples claiming to be Ishmael's descendants, those who show hatred and disdain towards the Jewish people and the nation of Israel. From where the hate? Abraham had other sons, those he sent away with gifts but who didn't receive an inheritance. And maybe the hatred towards the Jewish people by peoples of other nations came and is till present due to all the wars, the kingdoms and empires that came and went, but ultimately were not able to retain the Land of Israel as their own. 

Sons of Kethura

But Abraham's other sons, he remarried after Sara's death, would only receive gifts - Genesis 25:6 - and they would be sent away to the east. Ishmael remained friendly, wouldn't his descendants be the same? Contrary to Abraham's other sons who may have resented him for receiving so little compared to their other two brothers, and possibly also their descendants.

Genesis 25:6
5 Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac. 6 But while he was still living, he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines and sent them away from his son Isaac to the land of the east.

All three Jewish patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, lived in the Promised Land to be the Land of Israel in their future. And all of Abraham's inheritance went to Isaac - Genesis 25:5, Genesis 17:15-19, 21 - and later to Jacob, Genesis 28:1-15.

Author: © Mrs A. vd Laan-LeitoPosted in: Uncategorised